Wildflowers of Hvar

All the photographs I’ve been taking of flowers on the island at various times of year have been collected on to this page for easy reference. Click on the images for a bigger view, and links go to wikipedia or plantea (in Croatian) to read more.

Flowers by colour: white | yellow | pink-red | blue-purple | green | berries

White flowers …and very pale pink!


 

Allium roseum Rosy garlic Ružičasti luk White and pink versions exist. The pink flowers are a tasty garnish for salads. spring

Allium roseum (Eng: Rosy garlic, Hr: Ružičasti luk) White and pink versions.

Bellis perennis (Eng: Common daisy or bruisewort, Hr: Tratinčica)

Bellis perennis (Eng: Common daisy or bruisewort, Hr: Tratinčica)

Calamintha napeta (Eng: Lesser calamint, Hr: Velecvjetna gorska metvica) Mint family but could be wild basil?

Calamintha napeta (Eng: Lesser calamint, Hr: Velecvjetna gorska metvica)

Capparis spinosa (Eng: Caper, Hr: Kapar)

Capparis spinosa (Eng: Caper, Hr: Kapar)

Cephalaria leucantha (Eng: Ivory scabious, Hr: Bijela Glavatka)

Cephalaria leucantha (Eng: Ivory scabious, Hr: Bijela Glavatka) Flower head is actually a round ball, hence the Croatian name of White head!

Cistus (Eng: Rockrose, Hr: Bušin)

Cistus (Eng: Rockrose, Hr: Bušin)

Crocus biflorus (Eng: Silvery crocus, Hr: Dvocvjetni Šafran)

Crocus biflorus (Eng: Silvery crocus, Hr: Dvocvjetni Šafran)

Daucus carota (Eng: Wild carrot, Hr: Divlja mrkva)

Daucus carota (Eng: Wild carrot, Hr: Divlja mrkva)

Dorycnium hirsutium (Eng: Hairy canary clover, Hr: Čupava bjeloglavica) Love the name!

Dorycnium hirsutium (Eng: Hairy canary clover, Hr: Čupava bjeloglavica) Love the name!

Heliotropium europaeum (Eng: European heliotrope, Hr: Europska bradavka)

Heliotropium europaeum (Eng: European heliotrope, Hr: Europska bradavka)

Iberis sempervirens (Eng: Evergreen candytuftm Hr: Vazdazelena ognjica)

Iberis sempervirens (Eng: Evergreen candytuftm Hr: Vazdazelena ognjica)

Lonicera implexa Aiton / caprifolium (Eng: Honeysuckle, Hr: Orlovi Nokti)

Lonicera implexa Aiton / caprifolium (Eng: Honeysuckle, Hr: Orlovi Nokti)

Orobanche alba (Eng: Thyme Broomrape, Hr: Bijeli Volovod) Parasitic plants, have no leaves of their own, as they attach to other nearby plants for water and nutrients.

Orobanche alba (Eng: Thyme Broomrape, Hr: Bijeli Volovod) Parasitic plants, have no leaves of their own, as they attach to other nearby plants for water and nutrients.

Sedum

Sedum (Eng: Stonecrop, Hr: Bijeli žednjak) No flowers at this time of year, but very pretty amongst the rocks!

Sideritis romana (Eng: Ironwort, Hr: Sredozemni očist)

Sideritis romana (Eng: Ironwort, Hr: Sredozemni očist)

Silene latifolia (Eng: White campion, Hr: Pušina)

Silene latifolia (Eng: White campion, Hr: Pušina)

Silene vulgaris (Eng: Bladder campion, Hr: Pušina)

Silene vulgaris (Eng: Bladder campion, Hr: Pušina)

Bladder campion

Silene vulgaris (Eng: Bladder Campion, Hr: Pušina)

Solanum nigrum

Solanum nigrum (Eng: Black nightshade, Hr: Crna pomoćnica)

Tanacetum cinerariifolium (Eng: Pyrethrum, Hr: Buhač)

Tanacetum cinerariifolium (Eng: Pyrethrum, Hr: Buhač)

Tordylium apulium (Eng: Mediterranean hartwort, Hr: Apulijska orja šica)

Tordylium apulium (Eng: Mediterranean hartwort, Hr: Apulijska orja šica)

Yucca

Yucca (Eng: Yucca, Hr: Juka)

Yellow flowers


Calendula arvensis (Eng: Field marigold, Hr: Neven (calendula officinalis) spring

Calendula arvensis or officinalis (Eng: Field marigold, Hr: Neven)

Calendula arvensi or officinalis (Eng: Field marigold, Hr: Neven )

Calendula arvensi or officinalis (Eng: Field marigold, Hr: Neven )

Colutea arborescens (Eng: Bladdernut tree or bladder senna, Hr: Drvolika pucalina)

Colutea arborescens (Eng: Bladdernut tree or bladder senna, Hr: Drvolika pucalina) More a shrub than a tree

Crithmum maritimum (Eng: Samphire, Hr: Motar) This photo taken on Sv Klement

Crithmum maritimum (Eng: Samphire, Hr: Motar) This photo taken on Sv Klement

Diplotaxis tenuifolia (Eng: Perennial wall-rocket, Hr: Uskolisni dvoredac)

Diplotaxis tenuifolia (Eng: Perennial wall-rocket, Hr: Uskolisni dvoredac)

Diplotaxis tenuifolia (Eng: Perennial wall-rocket, Hr: Uskolisni dvoredac)

Diplotaxis tenuifolia (Eng: Perennial wall-rocket, Hr: Uskolisni dvoredac)

Dittrichia viscosa (Eng: Woody or sticky fleabane, Hr: Ljepljini oman / brušćinac / bušina)

Dittrichia viscosa (Eng: Woody or sticky fleabane, Hr: Ljepljini oman / brušćinac / bušina)

Ecballium (Eng: Squirting cucumber, Hr: Divlji krastavac)

Ecballium (Eng: Squirting cucumber, Hr: Divlji krastavac)

Foeniculum vulgare (Eng: Fennel, Hr: Komorač or koromač)

Foeniculum vulgare (Eng: Fennel, Hr: Komorač or koromač)

Glebionis coronaria (Eng: Crown daisy, Hr: unknown)

Glebionis coronaria (Eng: Crown daisy, Hr: unknown)

Hedera helix poetarum Nyman (Eng: European ivy, Hr: Bršljan)

Hedera helix poetarum Nyman (Eng: European ivy, Hr: Bršljan) This ivy is native to southern Europe, and the flowers are high in nectar. Which is why this mound of ivy on Vorh was absolutely swarming with happy bees and butterflies! This one is a Cardinal.

Helianthemum nummularium (Eng: Common rock-rose, Hr: Sunčanica)

Helianthemum nummularium (Eng: Common rock-rose, Hr: Sunčanica)

Hippocrepus comosa (Eng: Horseshoe vetch, Hr: unknown)

Hippocrepus comosa (Eng: Horseshoe vetch, Hr: unknown)

Hippocrepus comosa (Eng: Horseshoe vetch, Hr: not known)

Hippocrepus comosa (Eng: Horseshoe vetch, Hr: not known)

Inula Crithmoides / Limbarda crithmoides (Eng: Golden Samphire. Hr: Primorski oman)

Inula Crithmoides / Limbarda crithmoides (Eng: Golden Samphire. Hr: Primorski oman)

Leontodon (Eng: Hawkbit (not to be confused with dandelion), Hr: Oštrodlakavi lavlji zub / kratkodlakava ločina)

Leontodon (Eng: Hawkbit (not to be confused with dandelion), Hr: Oštrodlakavi lavlji zub / kratkodlakava ločina)

Lotus corniculatus (Eng: Bird's Foot Trefoil, Hr: Svinđuša)

Lotus corniculatus (Eng: Bird’s Foot Trefoil, Hr: Svinđuša)

Melilotus officinalis (Eng: Yellow sweet clover, Hr: Žuti kokotac)

Melilotus officinalis (Eng: Yellow sweet clover, Hr: Žuti kokotac)

Opuntia ficus-indica (Eng: Opuntia / prickly pear, Hr: Opuncija) An exotic import from Mexico

Opuntia ficus-indica (Eng: Opuntia / prickly pear, Hr: Opuncija) An exotic import from Mexico

Sonchus asper (Eng: Prickly sow-thistle, Hr: Oštri kostriš)

Sonchus asper (Eng: Prickly sow-thistle, Hr: Oštri kostriš)

Sonchus asper (Eng: Perennial sow-thistle, Hr: Modrozeleni ostak or Kostriš)

Sonchus asper (Eng: Perennial sow-thistle, Hr: Modrozeleni ostak or Kostriš)

Spartium junceum (Eng: Spanish broom, Hr: Brnistra)

Spartium junceum (Eng: Spanish broom, Hr: Brnistra)

Taraxacum

Taraxacum (Eng: Dandelion, (Hr: Maslačak)

 

Pink / red flowers


Anemone hortensis (Eng: Garden anemone, Hr: Vrtna šumarica) February-April

Anemone hortensis (Eng: Garden anemone, Hr: Vrtna šumarica) February-April

Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp praepropera (Eng: Pink kidney vetch / woundwort, Hr: Ranjenik) More usually yellow? Any plant with -wort as its English name indicates medicinal use.

Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp praepropera (Eng: Pink kidney vetch / woundwort, Hr: Ranjenik) Usually yellow. “-wort” indicates medicinal use.

Antirrhinum majus (Eng: Snapdragon, Hr: Zijevalica)

Antirrhinum majus (Eng: Snapdragon, Hr: Zijevalica)

Antirrhinum majus (Eng: Snapdragon, Hr: Zijevalica)

Antirrhinum majus (Eng: Snapdragon, Hr: Zijevalica)

Cistus (Eng: Rockrose, Hr: Bušin)

Cistus (Eng: Rockrose, Hr: Bušin)

convolvulus-althaeoides-mallow-bindweed2

Convolvulus althaeoides (Eng: Mallow bindweed, Hr: Finodlakavi slak)

Cyclamen repandum (Eng: Spring sowbread, Hr: Primorska ciklama) March - May

Cyclamen repandum (Eng: Spring sowbread, Hr: Primorska ciklama) March – May

Erica manipuliflora (Eng: Winter-flowering heather, Hr: Primorski vrijes)

Erica manipuliflora (Eng: Winter-flowering heather, Hr: Primorski vrijes)

Fuminaria officinalis (Eng: Fumitory, Hr: Dimnjača)

Fuminaria officinalis (Eng: Fumitory, Hr: Dimnjača)

Gladiolus Illyricus (Eng: Wild Gladiolus or Illyrian sword-lily, Hr: Ilirski Mačić)

Gladiolus Illyricus (Eng: Wild Gladiolus or Illyrian sword-lily, Hr: Ilirski Mačić)

Knautia arvenensis (Eng: Field scabious, Hr: Poljska prženica)

Knautia arvenensis (Eng: Field scabious, Hr: Poljska prženica)

Lactuca perennis (Eng: Blue lettuce, Hr: Modra salata) Photographed in Asseria, but also found on Hvar

Lactuca perennis (Eng: Blue lettuce, Hr: Modra salata) Photographed in Asseria, but also found on Hvar

Malva sylvestris (Eng: Mallow, Hr: Crni sljez) Photographed in Split

Malva sylvestris (Eng: Mallow, Hr: Crni sljez) Photographed in Split

Oxalis articulata (Eng: Pink sorrel, Hr: Cecelj) Native to S. America, now widespread in Europe

Oxalis articulata (Eng: Pink sorrel, Hr: Cecelj) Native to S. America, now widespread in Europe

Papaver argemone (Eng: Prickly poppy, Hr: Mak) Unusual, very tiny poppy seen in the hills

Papaver argemone (Eng: Prickly poppy, Hr: Mak) Unusual, very tiny poppy seen in the hills

Papaver rhoeas (Eng: Poppy, Hr: Divlji mak) Common poppy, seen everywhere!

Papaver rhoeas (Eng: Poppy, Hr: Divlji mak) Common poppy, seen everywhere!

Pisum sativum (Eng: Pea, Hr: Grašak)

Pisum sativum (Eng: Pea, Hr: Grašak)

Punica granatum (Eng: Pomegranate, Hr: Nar)

Punica granatum (Eng: Pomegranate, Hr: Nar)

Scrophularia nodosa (Eng: Figwort, Hr: Čvorasti /Uskolisni strupnik)

Scrophularia nodosa (Eng: Figwort, Hr: Čvorasti /Uskolisni strupnik)

Tragopogon porrifolius (Eng: Purple or common salsify, Hr: Lukasta kozja brada)

Tragopogon porrifolius (Eng: Purple or common salsify, Hr: Lukasta kozja brada)

Trifolium (Eng: Clover, Hr: Djetelina)

Trifolium (Eng: Clover, Hr: Djetelina)

Blue / purple flowers


Anacamptis coriophora 19-05-2019

Anacamptis Coriophora (Eng: bug orchid, Hr: unknown) Double-stemmed plant, seen on the way up to Maslinovik tower. Used to be classified as Orchis coriophora ssp fragrans.

Anacamptis morio / picta

Anacamptis Morio, previously classified as Orchis Morio , also known as Orchis Picta. (Eng: Green-winged orchid, Hr: unknown). Seen near Dol, single plant, which is unusual, apparently, as elsewhere in Dalmatia they appear in clusters.

Analgallis arvensis (Eng: Blue pimpernel, Hr: Poljska Krivičica)

Analgallis arvensis (Eng: Blue pimpernel, Hr: Poljska Krivičica)

Anchusa arvenensis / officinalis (Eng: Bugloss, Hr: Volujak?)

Anchusa arvenensis / officinalis (Eng: Bugloss, Hr: Volujak?) Could not find an exact match for the hairy red buds, but appears to be a type of bugloss. spring

Orchis Anthropophora, 23-5-2019, Pitve

Orchis Anthropophora (Eng: Man orchid, Hr: unknown) A couple of plants seen on the path from Pitve to Zavala. The flower is not fully out, so the wee hanging men are missing, otherwise  very distinctive. Not to be confused with the naked man orchid!

Bituminaria bitumenosa (Eng: Arabian pea or pitch trefoil, Hr: Djeteljnjak)

Bituminaria bitumenosa (Eng: Arabian pea or pitch trefoil, Hr: Djeteljnjak)

Borage officinalis (Eng: Borage or starflower, Hr: Boražina)

Borage officinalis (Eng: Borage or starflower, Hr: Boražina)

Calluna vulgaris (Eng: Heather, Hr: Vrijesak)

Calluna vulgaris (Eng: Heather, Hr: Vrijesak)

Campanula pyramidalis (Eng: Chimney bellflower, Hr: Piramidalni zvončić)

Campanula pyramidalis (Eng: Chimney bellflower, Hr: Piramidalni zvončić)

Carduus pycnocephalus (Eng: Italian (plumeless) thistle, Hr: Sitnoglavičasti stričak)

Carduus pycnocephalus (Eng: Italian (plumeless) thistle, Hr: Sitnoglavičasti stričak)

Centaurea glaberrima Tausch or Centaurea jacea (Eng: Bare knapweed, Hr: Livadna zečina)

Centaurea glaberrima Tausch or Centaurea jacea (Eng: Bare knapweed, Hr: Livadna zečina) Not sure exactly which variant of Centaurea this is. Reference pictures differ!

Cichorium intybus (Eng: Chicory, Hr: Cikorija)

Cichorium intybus (Eng: Chicory, Hr: Cikorija) Root can be used in place of coffee

Cichorium intybus (Eng: Chicory, Hr: Cikorija)

Cichorium intybus (Eng: Chicory, Hr: Cikorija)

Cirsium vulgare (Eng: Common thistle, Hr: Obični osjak)

Cirsium vulgare (Eng: Common thistle, Hr: Obični osjak)

Crocus biflorus (Eng: Silvery crocus, Hr: šafran)

Crocus biflorus (Eng: Silvery crocus, Hr: šafran)

Cynoglossum creticum (Eng: Blue hound’s tongue, Hr: Grčki pasji jezik)

Cynoglossum creticum (Eng: Blue hound’s tongue, Hr: Grčki pasji jezik)

Echinops ritro (Eng: Southern globethistle, Hr: Globus čičak)

Echinops ritro (Eng: Southern globethistle, Hr: Globus čičak)

Eryngium Amethystinum (Eng: Amethyst sea-holly, Hr: Plavi kotrljan)

Eryngium Amethystinum (Eng: Amethyst sea-holly, Hr: Plavi kotrljan)

Hyacinth orientalis (Eng: Common hyacinth, Hr: Zumbul) Not quite local, more E. Mediterranean, imported in the 16th century to gardens everywhere!

Hyacinth orientalis (Eng: Common hyacinth, Hr: Zumbul) Not quite local, more E. Mediterranean, imported in the 16th century to gardens everywhere!

Ipomoea purpurea (Eng: Purple Morning Glory, Hr: Ukrasni slak)

Ipomoea purpurea (Eng: Purple Morning Glory, Hr: Ukrasni slak)

Leopoldia comosa or Muscari comosum (Eng: Tassel hyacinth, Hr: Kitnjasta presličica) Related to grape hyacinth

Leopoldia comosa or Muscari comosum (Eng: Tassel hyacinth, Hr: Kitnjasta presličica) Related to grape hyacinth

Limodorum abortivum - Violet birds nest orchid

Limodorum Abortivum (Eng: Violet bird’s-nest orchid, Hr: Ljubičasti Šiljorep) Single plant, seen on the Vrbanj to Dol path.

Limonium cancelatum (Eng: Lattice sea-lavender, Hr: Rešetkasta mrižica or Rešetkasta travulja)

Limonium cancelatum (Eng: Lattice sea-lavender, Hr: Rešetkasta mrižica or Rešetkasta travulja) Tiny variant of sea-lavender that appears to be local to Croatia. Seen on Sv Klement beach.

Muscari neglectum (Eng: Grape hyacinth, Hr: Razgranjena presličica)

Muscari neglectum (Eng: Grape hyacinth, Hr: Razgranjena presličica)

Nigella damascena (Eng: Love-in-a-mist, Hr: Crnjika)

Nigella damascena (Eng: Love-in-a-mist, Hr: Crnjika) Native to the Mediterranean, was already known in English cottage gardens in Tudor times.

Plumbago europaea (Eng: Common leadwort, Hr: Vranjemil?)

Plumbago europaea (Eng: Common leadwort, Hr: Vranjemil?) Flower looks very similar to the Scilla (below), but has 5 petals, not 6 and the clusters are different.

o. Orphrys Rhodostephane 7/5/2019

Ophrys Rhodostephane (Eng: Pink-crowned orchid, Hr: unknown) Seen near Vrbanj. Lots of them, with varied patterns on the flowers. This species limited to central Dalmatia (including the larger offshore islands) down to north Montenegro. Rare except on Hvar, where it comes into contact with the similar O. Pharia.

o. Orchis Italica 7/5/2019

Orchis Italica (maybe) (Eng: Italian orchid or Naked man orchid, Hr: ?) Seen near Dol. The flower is faded, and wavy leaves would give a definitive ID. In full flower, the hanging petals would be pink, and very like little naked men!

o. Orchis Quadripunctata 10/5/2019

Orchis Quadripunctata (Eng: Four-spotted orchid, Hr: )Near Vrbanj, and Pitve.

Rosmarinus officinalis (Eng: Rosemary, Hr: Ružmarin)

Rosmarinus officinalis (Eng: Rosemary, Hr: Ružmarin)

Salvia officinalis (Eng: Sage, Hr: Kadulja) Makes a lovely cordial drink

Salvia officinalis (Eng: Sage, Hr: Kadulja) Makes a lovely cordial drink

Scilla autumnalis or Prospero autumnale (Eng: Autumn squill, Hr: Jesenji procjepak)

Scilla autumnalis or Prospero autumnale (Eng: Autumn squill, Hr: Jesenji procjepak) Note: the leaves in the photo are misleading as they belong to another plant!

o. Serapia Parviflora 10/5/2019

Serapias Parviflora (Eng: Small-flowered tongue orchid, Hr: ) Near Pitve, 3 plants.

Thymus vulgaris (Eng: Thyme, Hr: Timijan)

Thymus vulgaris (Eng: Thyme, Hr: Timijan)

Vicia villosa Roth (Eng: Hairy vetch, Hr: Vlasastodlakava grahorica)

Vicia villosa Roth (Eng: Hairy vetch, Hr: Vlasastodlakava grahorica)

 

Green flowers


Arisarum vulgare (Eng: Friar's cowl, Hr: not known)

Arisarum vulgare (Eng: Friar’s cowl, Hr: unknown) Bract is green-striped, while actual flower inside is pink/violet

Arum italicum (Eng: Italian lords-and-ladies, Hr: Veliki kozlac) Photographed in a Kastela vineyard

Arum italicum (Eng: Italian lords-and-ladies, Hr: Veliki kozlac) Photographed in Kastela

Euphorbia characias (Eng: Mediterranean spurge, Hr: Velika mlječika)

Euphorbia characias (Eng: Mediterranean spurge, Hr: Velika mlječika)

Euphorbia helioscopia (Eng: Spurge, Mlječika suncogled)

Euphorbia helioscopia (Eng: Spurge, Mlječika suncogled)

Berries and fruits


Arbutus (Eng: Strawberry tree, Hr: Planika)

Arbutus (Eng: Strawberry tree, Hr: Planika)

Citrus sinensis (Eng: Orange, Hr: Mandarina) Not native, but popular in gardens!

Citrus sinensis (Eng: Orange, Hr: Mandarina) Not native, but popular in gardens!

Juniperus communis (Eng: Common juniper, Hr: Borovica / Smrča)

Juniperus communis (Eng: Common juniper, Hr: Borovica / Smrča)

Juniperus phoenicea (Eng: Phoenician juniper / Arar, Hr: Gluhač / Gluha smrča)

Juniperus phoenicea (Eng: Phoenician juniper / Arar, Hr: Gluhač / Gluha smrča) The Croatian name translates as deaf juniper, implying this is not the common version

Opuntia (Eng: Prickly pear, Hr: Indijska smokva) Introduced from the Americas

Opuntia (Eng: Prickly pear, Hr: Indijska smokva) Introduced from the Americas

Pinus halepensis (Eng: Aleppo pine, Hr: Alepski bor)

Pinus halepensis (Eng: Aleppo pine, Hr: Alepski bor)

Pistacia terebinthus (Eng: Turpentine tree, Hr: Smrdljika)

Pistacia terebinthus (Eng: Turpentine tree, Hr: Smrdljika) The berries on this bush are really pretty, but the Croatian name is “Smelly”

Pittosporum tobira (Eng: Mock orange, Hr: Pitospor) Import from the Far East

Pittosporum tobira (Eng: Mock orange, Hr: Pitospor) Import from the Far East

Quercus ilex (Eng: Holm oak, Hr: Hrast crnika / česmina)

Quercus ilex (Eng: Holm oak, Hr: Hrast crnika / česmina)

Vaccinium

Vaccinium myrtillus (Eng: Bilberry / blaeberry, Hr: Borovnica)

Viburnum tinus

Viburnum tinus (Eng: Laurustinus, Hr: Lemprika)

The sun colours flowers and art colours life!

The sun colours flowers and art colours life!

Many eyes go through the meadow, but few see the flowers in it.” – Ralph Waldo Emerson